Sunday, 16 October 2016

Goral - A Wild Mountain Goat

Goral live in small groups, rest undercover in the noon heat and when alarmed, run for a short distance before standing still to sound the alarm.

The Goral is a stocky goat like animal 65 -70 cm at the shoulder and 20 - 25 Kilos in Weight.

Both Sexes have Horns and a conspicuous white throat patch. The Male's Horns are thicker at the base, and when viewed from the front more divergent than those of females.

The Goral has been placed by Wildlife Biologists in a group popularly known as "Goat Antelopes".

These Goat Antelopes seem to have an Asian Origin. There are fossil deposits of relatives of the Goral which have been found in China.

Goral has a wide distribution from the Indus-- Kohistan Region in the Western Himalayas across the Eastern Himalayas To Myanmar, Thailand, and in a few scattered areas in South Korea, North Korea, Eastern Russia, and adjoining regions of China.

Within the Himalayan Region of the Indian Sub-Continent there are 3 Species; The Himalayan Goral, with 2 Sub-Species -- the Grey Goral in the Western Himalayas and the Brown Goral in the Eastern Himalayas.

In India, Goral are found in the Himalayas and in the Shivalik Region of Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, West Bengal, and Arunachal Pradesh.

They prefer varying altitudes from 200 metres in Uttarakhand to 4,000 metres in the Garhwal Himalayas.

There could be 100,000 Goral at least in the Indian Himalayas. The Goral usually feed on fallen leaves, flowers, and fruits.

Finally, this must be said that large and agile tigers occasionally prey on the nimble footed Goral.

Credits and References :

Goral -- A Mountain Goat
By Dr. A.J.T. Johnsingh
Pages 23-26
Hornbill Magazine
Silver Jubilee
October - December 2001


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