Thursday, 13 October 2016

Wild Siberian Tigers

The Tiger is at Home in a great variety of environments across a wide range of latitudes.

Studies of the Tiger, living on the very edge of its range in the Russian Far East indicate that there is no hard and fast rule about tiger behaviour and indeed shows us how capable it is of adapting to a host of different environmental conditions.

Amur Tigers or Siberian Tigers as they are otherwise known seem to be at home in the snowy forests of Russia.

The orange background with black stripes gives them excellent camouflage in masterly fashion in oak forests and temperate forest thickets all over the Russian Far East.

A Thick Winter Coat provides them with adequate protection against winter temperatures that can drop to - 40 Celsius.

As with all Big Cat Predators, the population density of Amur Tigers is ultimately limited by the availability of their natural prey.

As elsewhere, across their range Wild Amur Tigers prey on medium sized and large hoofed animals like Deer and Moose.

Amur Tigers make kills in their territory which require higher energy requirements associated with cold temperatures.

In the Russian Far East, Amur Tigresses generally occupy exclusive home ranges and males attempt to secure exclusive access to Females by retaining territories that overlap with those of one or more females but exclude other males.

Despite the low densities of Prey in their Home Ranges, Amur Tigers have a fairly high reproductive rate.

Finally, it is my hope that Tigers in the Russian Far East will exist for many decades to come.

Credits and References :

Living on the Edge
By Dale Miquelle
Pages 88-89
From Tiger -- The Ultimate Guide
By Valmik Thapar
Oxford University Press
United States of America
2004
 

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