Thursday, 1 December 2016

Visit India's Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in 2017 They have the best on show Part 2

6. Katerniaghat  Wildlife Sanctuary :

Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Uttar Pradesh's Bahraich District and is quite close to the Indo- Nepalese Border.

Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary consists of dense forests, savannah like grasslands, rivers, and various man made waterholes.

Nishangarha Forest Range which is part of Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary is home to Big Cats like Royal Bengal Tigers and Spotted Leopards and also home to herbivorous ungulates like Blackbuck, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer, and Sambhar.

The Ganges River Dolphin is one of the star attractions at Katerniaghat Wildlife Samctuary. Over 700 of these Dolphins can be found in the Gerwa River which flows through Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary.

These River Dolphins have poor eyesight and depend exclusively on their ingrained sense of sound to locate river fish which they depend upon for their daily sustenance.

They are distant cousins of whales who live in the open ocean and have a muddy -brownish colour. One has to be very lucky to see them at Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary as they come to the surface of the river only every 4-5 minutes. Therefore, one has to be alert all the time.

Finally, some mention must be made of Spotted Leopards at Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary who live precariously on the periphery between Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Human Habitation.

They seem to be hanging on by a thread.

7. Eravikulam National Park :

Eravikulam National Park is located in the Idukki District in Kerala.

This Wildlife Reserve is famous for the largest numerical population of Nilgiri Tahr in the world.

It survives without any interference of Humans.

Due to its awesome Flora and Fauna, Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary was declared a National Park in 1978. This Wildlife Reserve has large savannah like grasslands with tropical rainforests called "Shola Forests" adjoining it.

The habitat for various wild denizens who live in Eravikulam National Park consists of wetlands, perennial streams, marshes, and rainforests.

8. Sharavathy Valley Wildlife Sanctuary :

Sharavathy Valley Wildlife Sanctuary contains moist evergreen forests commonly known in Karnataka as "Shola Forests". These Forests are essentially tropical rain forests and are home to a large number of species of Flora and Fauna.

Most importantly, Sharavathy Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is an important "Elephant Corridor" for Wild Elephant Herds that live in North Kanara and is used by these Wild Elephants to migrate from season to season.

Essentially, a large number of highly endangered wild denizens like Royal Bengal Tigers, Indian Bison, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Spotted Leopards, and Barking Deer have made Sharavathy Valley Wildlife Sanctuary their Home for numerous years.

Finally, it must be said that Sharavathy Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is a Biological Treasure Trove nestled amidst the Western Ghats and needs to be protected strictly from illegal mining groups and logging groups.

9. Kudremukh National Park :

Kudremukh National Park in Karnataka is nestled within tropical moist forests of the Western Ghats.

Kudremukh National Park has 2 Big Cat Carnivores living in its forests namely Royal Bengal Tigers and Spotted Leopards.

Kudremukh National Park encompasses over 550 square kilometres of moist tropical forests in the Western Ghats.

Along with Spotted Leopards and a few Royal Bengal Tigers --- Kudremukh National Park is home to Indian Bison in fair numbers as well as to herds of Spotted Deer.

Finally, its Rainforests known as "Shola Forests" are home to immense biodiversity as far as Flora is concerned.

10. Periyar Tiger Reserve :

Periyar Tiger Reserve is situated in the Deep South of the Western Ghats. It is home to possibly the best biodiversity one can have in any part of India.

In its moist deciduous forests live magnificent "Gentle Giants" namely Wild Elephants for which Periyar is famous all over the world. Periyar has a large population of wild elephants and a diverse habitat in which they live.

Besides this, one can also see Herds of Indian Bison or Gaur as they are known in India who come to drink water from the rapidly flowing Periyar River.

Royal Bengal Tigers and Spotted Leopards are also present at Periyar Tiger Reserve but to a reasonable degree. However, they are elusive and hence it is difficult to spot them because of thick vegetation in this reserved forest which provides them with excellent camouflage.

Wild Elephants at Periyar deserve a special mention because one can see upclose and personal what "Family Life" is all about to these wonderful Pachyderms.


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