Friday, 11 August 2017

World Elephant Day August 12, 2017

Today August 12, 2017 is World Elephant Day. On this Day, I remember all the Wild Elephant Herds that live in National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries from Orissa to Kerala in India.

I also remember the Savannah Bush Elephants that live in National Parks in Africa from Botswana to Kenya and the Forest Elephants that are midgets that live in Equatorial Rain Forests in Central Africa specially in Gabon and in the Republic of the Congo.

Asian Elephants that live in Wildlife Sanctuaries in India are endangered because of Habitat Degradation. The best places in India to see Asian Elephant Herds are Nagarhole National Park and Bandipur National Park in Karnataka respectively as well as Mudumalai Wildlife Reserve in Tamil Nadu and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala.

The Family Life of Asian Elephant Herds is really amazing. One can see firsthand how Sick and Elderly Elephants are taken care of by the Matriarch who leads them as well as by Younger Elephants in the Herd.

Asian Elephants are the Flagship Species of South India's varied forests specially in the Nilgiris.

In Africa, Savannah Bush Elephants and Forest Elephants face the terrible threat of extermination because of rampant poaching for their tusks.

This situation has assumed catastrophic consequences in Minkebe National Park in Gabon where 80% of the Forest Elephants have been exterminated by poachers.

Forest Elephants in Central Africa help the Forest to grow because of their unique digestive system which promotes the germination of plants in the Equatorial Rain Forests.

Botswana is the only country in Africa which seems to be a safe abode for Wild Savannah Bush Elephants. This Fact has been observed in Chobe National Park as well as in the beautiful and amazing Moremi Game Reserve which is at the entrance of the vast Okavango Delta.

Elephant Herds in Botswana are plentiful and can be seen engaging in a range of activities specially in the Okavango Delta. In the Delta, They like to swim and have a bath while keeping an eye out for Predators that are capable of preying on Baby Elephants.

Elephants in Botswana like to have a Mud Bath so as to keep Parasites away. They drink upto 84 Litres of water a day which their system constantly needs.

Mashatu Game Reserve in Botswana is a Reserve with a high density of Elephants even though water is scarce.

Lastly, but not the least I would like to talk about Desert Elephants that live in the Northern Namibian Desert as well as on the Fringes of the Sahara in Mali in West Africa.

These Desert Elephants in Namibia and Mali are Hardy Elephants in the sense they can go without water for 3-4 days at a time. They also constantly face threats from poachers and could go extinct if poaching continues relentlessly.


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